Epilepsy and Seizures

Epilepsy and Seizures

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About Epilepsy and Seizures:
A person has epilepsy when he or she has had two or more seizures that were not provoked by things such as drugs or fever.  A seizure is the result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.  The brain has a special network of cells called neurons that generate electrical signals and receive electrical signals from other neurons in the brain.  Those electrical signals are important for normal brain functions such as seeing, hearing, moving our body, and speaking.  A seizure occurs when a group of neurons fires at the same time causing an abnormal surge of electrical activity.  In between the seizure episodes, the neurons resume more normal function.

The symptoms of seizure, or what the seizure looks like, depend on which area of the brain is excited.  There are numerous causes of seizures including genetic conditions, infection, brain injury from trauma or stroke, and structural abnormalities of brain.  Commonly, however, no cause can be identified.

When you read about epilepsy or seizures it is important to limit your search to the topics that best fit your child.  Ask your child's physician which topics are most relevant to your child.